7 Flowers That Are Easy to Grow in Cold Climates

Flowers that are easy to grow in your garden.

Living in a cold climate, like in Norway where I live, often means enduring long, dark winters that can take a toll on your spirit. However, one of the most effective ways to counteract the gloom of winter is by growing a vibrant flower garden in the summer. Why not start a garden with flowers that are easy to grow?

The burst of colors and delightful scents from flowers can transform your outdoor space into a sanctuary of beauty and serenity. The flowers can brighten up the landscape and your mood, providing a sense of accomplishment and connection with nature.

In this article, we’ll explore how you can successfully cultivate easy flowers in a cold climate, bringing a touch of joy and vibrancy to your surroundings.

Understanding Basic Soil Requirements

Healthy soil is the foundation of successful gardening. Here are the basic components of the soil that you need to understand.

1. Texture: Soil texture affects water retention and drainage. Sandy soil drains quickly but doesn’t retain nutrients well. Clay soil retains water but can become waterlogged. Loamy soil, a balanced mix of sand, silt, and clay, is ideal for most plants.

2. pH Level: Soil pH affects nutrient availability. Most flowers prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil (pH 6-7). It’s beneficial to test your soil’s pH and amend it if necessary. For instance, lime can be added to raise pH, while sulfur can lower it.

3. Organic Matter: Adding compost or well-rotted manure improves soil structure, water retention, and nutrient content. It helps create a rich, fertile environment for your flowers.

The Benefits of Flowers that are Easy to Grow in the Garden

Gardening and growing flowers offers numerous advantages, both for you, your family and the environment.

Flowers enhance the beauty of any space with their vibrant colors and pleasant fragrances, creating an aesthetically pleasing environment. Gardening also significantly boosts mental well-being by reducing stress, anxiety, and depression, offering a therapeutic experience through the nurturing of plants. Choosing easy flowers to grow will also increase your changes of succeeding with your flower garden. Did you know that there are also edible flowers?

Additionally, gardens support biodiversity by providing habitats for pollinators such as bees and butterflies. And they improve air quality by absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen, contributing to a healthier environment.

Challenges of Growing Flowers in Cold Climates

Gardening in cold climates presents unique challenges, but these can be overcome with proper planning and care.

1. Short Growing Season: The growing season in cold climates is shorter, so selecting plants with shorter maturation times is crucial. Starting seeds indoors can give your plants a head start. If you have the possibility to install a greenhouse in your garden, that can help prolong the growing season as well!

2. Frost Damage: Early or late frosts can damage young plants and flower buds. To protect your plants, cover them with frost cloths. Grow the most sensitive flowers in pots so you can move them indoors or into the greenhouse during frost warnings.

3. Soil Temperature: Cold soil can slow down seed germination and root growth. To counter this you can use raised beds in your garden. Or you can mulch heavily to help warm the soil earlier in the season.

Starting a Flower Garden from Scratch

Starting a garden can be an exciting and rewarding project. Here are the essential steps:

  • Choose the Right Location: Most flowers need at least six hours of sunlight a day. Choose a location that receives adequate sunlight and has good air flow.  
  • Prepare the Soil: Remove weeds and debris. Till the soil to a depth of 12-18 inches and mix in compost or other organic matter to improve fertility and drainage.
  • Select Suitable Flowers: Choose flowers that are known to thrive in cold climates. Consider both annuals and perennials.
  • Planting: Follow the planting instructions for each flower type. Some seeds can be sown directly into the soil, while others may need to be started indoors and transplanted later.
  • Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering can stress the plants.
  • Mulching: Apply a layer of mulch around your plants to retain moisture, regulate soil temperature, and suppress weeds.

Should you Choose Annuals or Perennials Flowers?

Annual flowers complete their life cycle in one growing season. They are blooming continuously and providing vibrant color and immediate impact throughout the season. Examples of annual flowers are petunias and marigolds.

Perennials, on the other hand, return year after year, often undergoing a period of dormancy in the winter. They may take longer to establish, and some need a year or two before they start flowering. But perennials offer long-term beauty and do not require replanting every year. Peonies and hostas are examples of perennial flowers.

Choosing perennial flowers offers several advantages for gardeners. Their established root systems make them more resilient to drought and adverse weather conditions. Additionally, perennials often require less maintenance once established, allowing gardeners to enjoy a flourishing garden with minimal effort. Their seasonal dormancy allows them to survive harsh winters, making them ideal for cold climates.

Easy-to-Grow Flowers for Cold Climates

If you are wondering which flowers to choose, here are seven flowers that are particularly well-suited for growing in cold climates.

1. Pansies (Viola tricolor)

Origin: Europe and Western Asia
Type: Annual
Description: Known for their cheerful, multi-colored blooms. Pansies are one of the hardiest flowers and can even survive light frosts.
Care: Plant in well-drained soil in a sunny spot. They thrive in cooler temperatures and require regular watering.

2. Columbine (Aquilegia)

Origin: Northern Hemisphere
Type: Perennial
Description: Columbines have delicate, bell-shaped flowers and are excellent for attracting hummingbirds.
Care: Plant in partial shade to full sun. They prefer well-drained soil and moderate watering.

3. Bleeding Heart (Dicentra spectabilis)

Origin: Asia
Type: Perennial
Description: Known for their heart-shaped, pendulous flowers. Bleeding heart is a spring garden favorite.
Care: Plant in part shade to full shade. They thrive in rich, moist soil and require regular watering.

4. Peonies (Paeonia)

Origin: Asia, Europe, and Western North America
Type: Annual
Description: Peonies are beloved for their large, fragrant blooms and longevity.
Care: Plant in full sun to partial shade in well-drained soil. Peonies are low-maintenance once established but benefit from staking in windy areas.

Collection of flowers that are easy to grow.

5. Daylilies (Hemerocallis)

Origin: Asia
Type: Perennial
Description: These resilient perennials produce an abundance of flowers over a long period.
Care: Daylilies prefer full sun and well-drained soil. They are drought-tolerant and require minimal maintenance.

6. Siberian Iris (Iris sibirica)

Origin: Europe and Asia
Type: Perennial
Description: Siberian Irises have slender, graceful flowers and are very hardy.
Care: Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist, well-drained soil. They are tolerant of wet conditions and cold winters.

7. Snowdrops (Galanthus)

Origin: Europe and the Middle East
Type: Perennial
Description: One of the first flowers to bloom in spring, snowdrops are small, white flowers that can even push through snow.
Care: Plant in well-drained soil in a sunny or partially shaded location. They require minimal care once established.

Smart Ways to Grow your Garden

Buying flowers at the garden center for your new garden can be expensive. But luckily there are many smart ways to get hour hands on some beautiful flowers.  

Buying seeds from catalogs offers a greater selection and is usually more economical This also provides the added satisfaction of growing plants from scratch.

Another alternative is to join a local gardening club or attend plant swaps. This can be a cost-effective way to obtain new plants and share your own.

Additionally, many plants can be propagated through cuttings or divisions, so asking friends and neighbors for cuttings can be an excellent way to expand your garden.

Brighten up your Garden Flowers that are Easy to Grow

Growing flowers in a cold climate can be a rewarding endeavor, even for beginners. By understanding the basics of soil preparation, selecting appropriate plants, and taking measures to protect against common challenges like frost and a short growing season, you can cultivate a beautiful and resilient garden.

Whether you choose annuals for their vibrant, season-long blooms or perennials for their long-term presence in your garden, the joy and benefits of flower gardening are well worth the effort. So, get started, and watch your garden flourish!

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